It is very common and normal for women to have a vaginal discharge. It helps to tell what is going on in a woman’s body. The discharge is secreted by the glands in the walls of the cervix and by the walls of the vagina.
If you see a pink blood or mucus coming out of your vagina, it could mean ovulation bleeding, implantation bleeding or hormonal imbalance.
When your vaginal discharge or fluid is mixed with a small amount of blood it forms a light pink vaginal mucus.
A normal vaginal discharge shouldn’t have a bad smell and should not be itchy.
A light pinkish discharge is normal during ovulation and in very early pregnancy before a missed period.
If the discharge is in the middle of your menstrual cycle, this could be mid-cycle spotting or ovulation spotting.
If the discharge is a few days or a week before periods starts, this may be a sign of pregnancy.
Here are the causes of pinkish discharge with blood:
The first cause of light pink blood between periods is ovulation bleeding. Ovulation is the release of a matured egg from the ovary into the fallopian tube. So that the egg can be fertilised by an egg.
The process involves a matured follicle bursting out from the ovary. The Luteinising hormone causes the surface of the ovarian follicle to become weak and disintegrate.
A hole is then formed on the follicle through which the matured egg passes into the fallopian tube. This process of ovulation many be accompanied with pain and bleeding.
The color is light pink or light orange and not as heavy or dark as your normal period.
If the egg released at ovulation is fertilised. It starts to move slowly through the fallopian tube to the uterus (womb). The journey to the uterus takes about 6-7 days.
Light pinkish bloody discharge and cramping may accompany the process of implantation.Implantation bleeding is a small spots of blood seen 3-7 days before your expected period date.
Some women describe it as having a light period that can last for 2 hours or 1-2 days.
When there is an imbalance between these two female reproductive hormone it disrupts the menstrual cycle.
For example: Estrogen dominance(to much estrogen) and low progesterone affects the colour and quantity of a woman’s discharge.
Hormonal imbalance is one of the causes of pinkish or brownish discharge after period.
PCOS is a medical condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries functions.
PCOS causes: irregular periods, polycystic ovaries and excess androgens.
Irregular periods means a woman does not ovulate regularly. Without ovulation, the progesterone hormone does not thicken the uterus lining. So there is no shedding of blood in that month. Some women with PCOS have light spots instead of their normal period.
Hormonal birth control pills or contraceptives affects your hormones. The hormones present in the birth control disrupts the normal function of your own hormones.
As your body adjust to these birth control pills you may get some spots of blood in between periods.
There are blood vessels in the walls of the uterus. Some blood vessels are close the cervix.During intercourse, or orgasm, the uterus contracts. These contractions may put pressure on the fragile vessels.
This produces a cervical fluid or mucus mixed with a little blood.
Adenomyosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterus (endometrium) breaks through the muscles walls of the uterus (myometrium).
Endometriosis is a gynaecological condition in which the tissues that make up the lining of uterus(womb) are found on organs outside the uterus. The tissues are found in organs such as the ovaries, fallopian tube, bladder, bowel, abdominal lining or pelvic region.
They are tumors found in the uterus of women of reproductive age. Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors in or around the womb. The fibroid is made up of muscles and tissues. Abnormal uterine bleeding is a common symptom of myomas(uterine fibroids).
Cervical erosion is a condition in which the canal of the cervix exposes the cells that are normally found inside the cervix into the vagina.
Cervical cancer is a type of the cervix that is found in the cervix(neck of the womb) of the woman. It is caused by abnornmal growth of cells on the cervix.
A light pinkish mucus a week after your menses is over may mean ovulation. Women with short menstrual cycles ovulate less than day 9 of their cycle.
Ovulation spotting may happen as early as 7 days after your period if you ovulate early.
Pinkish spots a week before period is more likely to be implantation bleeding. Implantation spotting are light pink blood that is not as red your normal mensuration. It lasts for a few hours or 1-2 days.
It is very rare to get pregnant right after your period. Because you are yet to ovulate.Without ovulation (the release of an egg), pregnancy can’t take place.
Light bleeding 1-2 days after your menses may caused by uterine incapacity or inflammations of the cervix.
Uterine Incapacity: is the inability of the uterus to expel or shed all of its blood during mensuration. During menses the uterus contracts and relax when shedding it’s lining. At times not all these blood gets out. This left over blood may appear in cervical mucus days after your menses has ended.
Ovulation Spotting: Spotting during ovulation also causes light brown or light pink spots or cervical mucus when your period is over.
If you see a mucus when you wipe yourself before your period, it is implantation bleeding or spooting.
If you see a pinkish mucus after menses, you are unlikely to be pregnant because you are yet to ovulate. Ovulation is the release of a matured egg from the ovary. The purpose of the release at ovulation is for the egg to be fertilised by a sperm.
There is a blood in your cervical mucus or discharge due to the following:
Blood in cervical mucus can cause a pinkish tint in you discharge and may leave you feeling worried.
It is common and normal for women to have a scanty and light bleeding during implantation. And this is an early sign of pregnancy.
Pinkish tint of blood in early pregnancy is normal and usually accompanied by cramping.
If you have a bloody discharge after a positive pregnancy test, you should see the doctor immediately.
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